Tasty hot chile peppers have long been used in many of the world's cuisines, but their greatest use in health comes from, surprisingly, conventional medicine. Chili is the Aztec name for Capsicum annuum. It has been used both as a food and a medicine by Native Americans for over 9000 years. The Capsicum family includes bell peppers, red peppers, paprika, and pimento, but the most famous medicinal members of the family are cayenne and chile.
Bird Pepper, a native to West and Southern Africa, is one of the world's hottest peppers, at 100,000 H.U. (heat units). Because of this, we recommend avoiding contact with eyes or broken skin and avoding excessive use in cooking, especially if you are prone to gastrointestinal irritation.